Saturday, March 19, 2011

Backpacking facts on Kyrgyzstan


Population: 5.3 million (Un, 2005)
Capital: Bishkek
Area: 199,900 sq km (77,182 sq miles)
Major languages: Kyrgyz, Russian
Major religions: Islam, Christianity
Life expectancy: 63 years (men), 71 years (women) (Un)
Monetary unit: 1 som = 100 tyiyns

South Kyrgyzstan

The barren, hot, and impoverished fields of the Kyrgyz Republic used to be a sleepy back border of the Soviet Union. Now, it is the best kept incommunicable for travellers and tourism. Kyrgyzstan has come to be a vivacious nation that is no longer defined by dominating powers, having proven this recently by temporarily ousting its president and the entailing capitalist government. National traveler promotions state Kyrgyzstan as meaning "40 towns", but locals propose it to be not so. Kyrgyzstan from the sound of its name elicits an impression of a strange and mysterious place unknown to the world for the most part, but the name which surely means in Kyrgyz "immortal" or "indestructible" suggests an attractive culture that would name its nation such. Kyrgyzstan has the most liberal traveler visa policies in Central Asia and an economy to match Kazakhstan's prowess.

Geography & Climate

Kyrgyzstan (42 52 N, 74 36 E) is a colossal region dominated by the Tien Shan range, which in Kyrgyz means "Celestial mountains". The traveller will find wild and rugged snow-capped mountains that give an admiration surpassing that of the Swiss Alps. And with 93% of the region mountainous, the nation is a wonderful place to be for nature-lovers. The republic is also a site for glaciers and high altitude lakes, the highest point being Jengish Chokusu at a height of 7,439 metres which is surely gorgeous for hiking. The bottom point is 132 metres above sea level, the Kara Daryya. The atmosphere is dry continental to polar in Tien Shan, temperate in the the north foothill zone, and subtropical in the southwest, at Fergana Valley.

People & Culture

Of the 5,431,747 Kyrgyztanis in 2009, the Kyrgyz (Turkic group) contain a fat demographic of nearby 70% of the population. Uzbeks (14.5%) are concentrated in the south, and the Russians (9%), in the north. The sizeable minority of Russians in the region explains the culture that remains and, also Russian as the official language. Kyrgyz, on the other hand, is the language of the state used in the parliament and at home. English is spoken for its deemed importance and has been given the spotlight in instruction since the 1960's, but English is widely spoken by the Kyrgyzstani youth who have been taught since former school or have been studying the language as exchange students in the U.K. Or Germany. Kyrgyzstan is a largely Islamic with 76% of the country as Muslims, while Russian Orthodox followers have a primary people of 20%. As a semi-nomadic society, agriculture is an prominent sector of the republic where livestock is the largest agricultural activity.


Still a lot of the big cities are contemporary like Bishkek. Nonetheless, the charm of Kyrgyzstan depends on its nature culture. The striking charm of Kyrgyzstan appeals to the traveller who mostly loves the outdoors. Song-kul's simplistic life among the grandiose of its pristine pastures and Lake Izzyk-kul's versatility for sailing, surfing, boating, scuba diving and fishing are the main attractions of Kyrgyzstan. Izzyk translates to "hot" because it is the lake that never freezes even in winter seasons. Hiking is just superb in the hills nearby this lake. What a sight! The best part about Kyrgyzstan, there is no traffic. The rationale: communal vehicle is a developing plan in these parts. The people of Kyrgyzstan make travel even more worthwhile with their simply compassionate and respectful nature, so a traveller should know when planning to stay with a Kyrgyzstani family. Hospitality is uber prominent to the Kyrgyz people, which is why the Kyrgyzstanis host their guests in a compassionate manner to a point where they will offer you anyone and all they have.


Food is a primary part of Kyrgyz hospitality and might it be said that Kyrgyz cuisine is one of the best offerings you'll get out of such hospitality. Meat is a former ingredient in any Kyrgyz meal like horse meat or mutton. There are numerous dessert recipes in the Kyrgyz cuisine that are universal in Central Asia like meat dumplings (manty), noodles and meat (besh barmak), meat and veggie soup (shorpa), or fried meat and rice (paloo). And a Kyrgyz meal never ends without easy tasty desserts, from a nan-and-cream cheese/jam combo or fresh fruits to the most beloved choymo tokach or tan mosho cookies made of intertwined leavened dough, fried in oil, and powdered with sugar. Khalvaitar is someone else ultra-delightful dessert is khalvaitar from mixing flour with sugar fried in sheep's tail fat. Chak-chak, made of dough sugared with honey is also very beloved in Kyrgyzstan or bliny, a Russian dessert of pancakes filled with cheese or jam. In Kyrgyzstan, less is surely more.

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Backpacking facts on Kyrgyzstan

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